Robert West

Understanding and treating addiction: developing formal models using a common framework.

Robert West
Robert West

Robert West er professor i helsepsykologi og direktør for UCL Tobacco and Alcohol Research Group. Professor West er rådgiver for Public Health England, og Editor-in-Chief av den anerkjente journalen Addiction. Han har over 600 akademiske publikasjoner, innen blant annet populasjonsbaserte studier av  røyking og røykeslutt, evaluering av nasjonale kampanjer for røykeslutt, utvikling av intervensjoner for røykeslutt, samt utvikling og testing av teorier om atferdsendring. Han har skrevet flere bøker, inkludert Theory of Addiction, Models of Addiction, og The SmokeFree Formula. Se www.rjwest.co.uk.

Tittel Understanding and treating addiction: developing formal models using a common framework.

Abstract Robert West, University College London

Science progresses by gathering data, constructing models based on the data and testing predictions from those models. There are multiple models of addiction, each focusing on different aspects of the problem. Unfortunately the models are mostly not specified with sufficient clarity or in a way that allows them to be integrated, contrasted or compared. This has led to fragmentation in the field with models achieving prominence or otherwise according to factors other than comprehensiveness or accuracy of predictions they make. This presentation will present and discuss a system for specifying models of behaviour using more general causal modelling and use the PRIME theory of motivation as an example of the application of the system to addiction. The system involves specifying models as formal ‘ontologies’ (as used in computer science) consisting of sets of entities with corresponding labels and definitions and causal and semantic relationships between them.

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